The generation of a wind atlas for South Africa is a joint undertaking between the CSIR, SAWS, CSAG and international collaborators at Risoe, part of the Danish Technical University. The project has been made possible by the Royal Danish Embassy, the United Nations Development Programme, the South African Wind Energy Programme and the South African National Energy Research Institute.


The projects is divided into a number of work packages which include an observations campaign, high resolution as well as microscale modeling, extreme wind climate assessment, wind climate assessment techniques as well as data dissemination. The cumulative objective of these efforts is to generate a very high resolution wind atlas for South Africa to provide stakeholders with knowledge allowing them to make informed decisions. CSAG is involved in the mesoscale modelling component where the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model has been used to produce the first ever verified numerical wind atlas in the world. WASA phase 1 has produced the atlas for the western and southern parts of South Africa, WASA Phase 2 has produced the same for the eastern and central parts of the country and WASA Phase 3 will do the same for the remaining areas of the Northern Cape province and the rest of South Africa.


In addition, the project issues a weather forecast for rain, wind, temperature at a 3 km horizontal resolution over the western and south eastern parts of South Africa and at a 9 km horizontal resolution over the rest of the country. There are also time series forecasts for WASA mast sites as well as selected points. The forecast can be found here:


Time Frames: 2017 – 2020

Funders: Royal Danish Embassy (RDE) and Global Environment Facility (GEF)

Partners: South African Weather Services (SAWS), Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Technical University of Danish (DTU) Wind Energy and SANEDI.

For further details: See the WASA website or contact Dr Chris Lennard